• Case 4
    Periodical Check of the Probe Attachment Site and Repositioning

    How frequent should the probe attachment site and repositioning be checked?

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  • Case 3
    Attaching Probes Correctly

    It is sometimes difficult to measure SpO2 especially with restless patients due to body movement.
    How can we measure accurate yet stable SpO2?

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  • Case 2
    Selecting Appropriate Probe Attachment Site

    How shall we select the measurement site? For Infant and Neonates?
    Where shall we attach for patients who are difficult to measure with fingers/toes due to contraction of peripheral blood vessels or low perfusion?

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  • Case 1
    For Safe, Precise and Reliable SpO2 Measurement

    What is SpO2 measurement? What is the mechanism of SpO2 measurement with a pulse oximeter?

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  • Case 1
    Difficulties with CO2

    Even though CO2 is important and recommended by ASA/APSM Guidelines, we have a lot of difficulties as below;

    1. No portable CO2 monitor
    2. Delicate and easy to break, and short lifetime
    3. Long CO2 calibration and long warm-up
    4. Condensation or water trapped in sampling line
    5. Slow response, or long time to get results
    6. Difficult calibration 
    7. Not available for child because of bulky size, dead space
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